In the 25 Years of IFIP Book:

Alwin Walther, Germany (1899-1967)
Heinz Rutishauser, Switzerland (1918-1970)
Howard Aiken, U.S.A (1900-1973)
Lars Hyldgaard-Jensen, Denmark (1919-1973)
Benjamin Barg, U.S.A. - UN (1932-1974)
Niels Bech, Denmark (1920-1975)
Stanley Gill, United Kingdom (1926-1975)
Christopher Strachey, United Kingdom (1917-1975)
Victor Broida, France, IFAC (1907-1976)
Baudoin Fraeijis de Veubeke (1917-1976)
Ab Johnson, Canada (1924-1977)
Jan van Egmond, Belgium (1941-1978)
Klaus Samelson, Germany (1918-1980)
John R. Pasta, U.S.A. (191~1981)
Hans Bekic, Austria (1936-1982)
Victor M. Glushkov, U.S.S.R. (1923-1982)
Dov Chevion, Israel (1917-1983)
Dimiter Dobrev, Bulgaria (1932-1983)
Kristian Beckmann, Sweden (1933-1984)
Julian Davies, Canada (-1985)
Sverre Sem-Sandberg, Sweden (1930-1985)
Fred Margulies, Austria (1917-1986)


In the 36 Years of IFIP Book:

Isaac L. Auerbach, USA, Founding President (1921 - 1992)
Hanzou Omi, Japan (1902-1985)
Joseph Rogers, (USA), (-1986)
Tohru Moto-Oka, Japan ( - 1986)
Adriaan van Wijngaarden, Netherlands (1916-1987)
Peter Reichertz Germany(1930-1988)
Jozsef Hatvany, Hungary (1926-1988)
Donovan Tagg UK (1914-1988)
Andrei P. Ershov, Russia (1931-1988)
Marcel Linsman, Belgium (1912-1989
Jan V. Garwick, Norway (1917-1989)
S. Hanada, Japan (-1989)
José Garcia Santesmases, Spain (1907-1989)
Sidney Michaelson, UK (1926-1991)
Norbert Teufelhart, Austria (1932-1991)
M. Clayton Andrews, USA (-1992)
Elöd Knuth, Hungary (-1992)
A. Nico Habermann, USA (1931-1993)
David T. Lindsay, UK (1936-1993)
Hideo Yamashita, Japan (1899-1993)
Anatol A. Dorodnicyn, Russia (1910-1994)
Richard A. Buckingham, UK (1911-1994)
Konrad Zuse, Germany (1910-1995)

Isaac L. AUERBACH (1921 - 1992)

Our Founding President

IFIP. mourns the death of its key founder, Mr. Isaac L. Auerbach (USA), who died of myelofibrosis ( a bone-marrow disease and a precursor of acute leukemia ) 24 December 1992. He was instrumental in the creation of IFIP and served as its first president, from 1960 to 1965. We owe him an immeasurable debt.

"Ike" was born in Philadelphia in 1921 and received the B.S. degree in electrical engineering from Drexel University in 1943 and the M.S. degree in applied physics from Harvard University in 1947. Upon graduation, he worked as a research engineer with the Eckert Mauchly Corporation ( later to become the Univac division of the Sperry Rand Corporation ) and then, from 1949 to 1957, as director of the Defense and Special Products Division of the Burroughs Corporation.

In 1957, he left Burroughs to found Auerbach Associates, a computer design and consulting company, and Auerbach Corporation for Science and Technology, a holding company, in Philadelphia. Auerbach Publications, a publisher of information about computers and communication equipment, was incorporated in 1960. Mr. Auerbach served as president and chief executive officer of these companies and several others. Auerbach Consultants was founded in 1976, and he served as its president until his death.

Honors bestowed on him include Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE ), Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Science, Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society, and member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and the U.S. honor societies Tau Beta Pi, Eta Kappa Nu, and Sigma Xi.

We quote the following material written by him for the book A Quarter Century of IFIP (ed. by H. Zemanek and published by Elsevier/North Holland in 1986, © IFIP ) to memorialize his signal role in IFIP.

I vividly remember when the original idea for the formation of IFIP came to me. l was attending the Eastern Joint Computer Conference in Boston, in November of 1955.... [Several colleagues and I] were talking about the state of the art of computers as if all of the developments were taking place in the United States, while little or nothing was happening elsewhere in the world. I suggested that it would be interesting and potentially very valuable to have an international meeting on information processing at which computer scientists and engineers from many nations of the world might exchange information about the state of the Computer art. ...

The next day, l presented my idea to the U.S. National Joint Computer Committee (NJCC) ... The chairman of the NJCC appointed me to chair an ad hoc committee to develop the idea and bring it back for subsequent discussion. ... [Eventually, we were] authorized to develop a formal proposal for submission to Unesco. ...

In the fall of 1957, Prof. Pierre Auger; the Director of the Natural Sciences Division of Unesco, extended an invitation to a few countries to send a representative to Unesco House in Paris to advise them on the feasibility and practicality of a conference on information processing. I was formally appointed by our State Department to be the official United States delegate. ... The invitation could not have come at a more difficult time for me personally. In June of 1957, I had resigned my position as Director of the Defense and Special Projects Division of Burroughs Research Laboratories to start a new company, then known as Auerbach Electronics Corporation. By December, we had seven employees, and I was working seven days. a week and most nights. But the opportunity was too great to miss. ...

The first Committee of Experts, as we were called, met just before Christmas, and ... was able to convince Prof. Auger and his associate, Mr. Jean A. Mussard,... that the subject of information processing was important enough for Unesco to convene an international conference as soon as possible. ... Prof. Auger had no difficulty in securing approval from Unesco to fund, organize and convene the First International Conference on Information Processing ( ICIP ), to be held at the Unesco House in Paris on June 15-20, 1959. ... By far the most important success of the conference was the co-mingling of people from all parts of the world, their making new acquaintances, and their willingness to share their knowledge with one another. ...

During the very first meeting of the Committee of Experts in December of 1957, Prof. Auger posed the question as to the existence of an international organization in the field of information processing that could convene international conferences in future years. ... At our next meeting in June of 1958 and at subsequent meetings, after completing Unesco business, a group of us would meet regularly in late afternoons and evenings to explore the creation of an organization for convening future information processing conferences....

We agreed that the federation would be a society of societies, and would not have individual members so as not to compete with national professional societies. ... It would be noted that in the Scandinavian countries, Netherlands, Japan and Italy no professional technical society dealing specifically with information processing had yet been formed. ... The situation was similar in ... France and the Federal Republic of Germany. ... To join IFIP, ... each country had to either organize. a national technical society, form a society of societies, or have its Academy of Science apply for membership. In each case, the desire to affiliate with IFIP was the driving force that stimulated the formation of umbrella organizations or professional technical societies.

On June 18, 1959, the fourth day of the ICIP, the final meeting of the IFIP Organizing Committee was held, and by the conclusion of the meeting, the following decisions had been taken: to create an international federation of information processing societies ( IFIPS ) if seven or more national technical societies agreed to ratify the statutes before January 1, 1960, and to authorize the Council to examine the possibility of holding a Second International Conference and Exhibition on Information Processing in 1963... This was a most auspicious occasion, and all of us who had spent so many hours planning for this meeting were delighted with its results.... By January 1, 1960, thirteen national professional technical societies had formally agreed to adhere to the statutes proposed by the Organizing Committee, and IFIP legally came into existence.

Aware that politics can often get in the way of science and technology, IFIP established from the very beginning that the General Assembly meetings were to be apolitical. People of vastly different cultural and political back-grounds have come together at IFIP General Assembly meetings, Congresses, and Conferences, and there has never been a major outburst or rift due to national or political differences....

[IFIP's] success was largely due to the unflagging energies of the early IFIP representatives and officers and their successors, all of whom had the foresight to recognize IFIP's importance and the dedication to devote countless hours to its concerns.

Mr. Auerbach was also a co-founder of the American Federation of Information Processing Societies (AFIPS).

In addition to serving as IFIP's president, he had many other roles, including Representative of the U.S. from 1960 to 1964, Individual Member from 1964 to 1970, and Council Member from 1966 to 1969. He was IFIP's first Honorary Member (elected in 1969) and one of the first recipients of the Silver Core award in 1974. The IFIP community last saw him participating in 1989, when he attended the General Assembly in San Francisco. He was clearly a man of great warmth and charm.

In addition to his technical interests, he was also a philanthropist. In particular, he was a benefactor of the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev ( Israel ), serving as vice-governor of the board of governors from 1988 to the time of his death.

IFIP extends its deepest sympathy to his wife Carol and his five children. We too mourn the loss of our founder, a man of vision and devotion.

Dr. Hanzou OMI ( 1902-1985 )

Dr. Hanzou Omi passed away on January 30, 1985, at the age of 83.

Dr. Omi was one of the pioneering engineers in the field of the information processing industry and its R&D.

Since joining the Fuji Communication appliances Manufacturing Co.,Ltd., present Fujitsu Ltd., in 1936, Dr. Omi was consistently engaged in the R&D regarding information and communication.

Dr. Omi served as the president of the Information Precessing Society of Japan from 1973 to 1975, and after that also took office of the president of the Association of Electric Communication, the director of IEE, and so on. He made a tremendous contribution to the internationalization of academic research and industries in this field. His contribution was especially out-standing in the development and commercialization of domestic large-scale computers.

Since his achievements were highly esteemed even abroad, Dr. Omi was awarded the Founders Medal in 1979, and the Centenial Medal in 1984. We wish to express our sincere condolence for the passing of Dr. Omi, one of the great pioneers in this field.

Joseph ROGERS ( - 1986 )

We note with sadness the death of Mr. Joseph Rogers (USA), in December 1986, in a private plane crash. Mr. Rogers represented the International Federation of Associations of Computer Users in Engineering, Architecture and Related Fields (FACE), an Affiliate member of IFIP, at the IFIP General Assembly in Dublin in August 1986. He was Vice-President/Treasurer of FACE and would have been endorsed as President at the FACE General Assembly in March 1987.

Mr. Rogers recognized early the importance of the use of computers in Civil Engineering applications and was one of the founders of FACE. At the time of his death, he was active in a multitude of enterprises involving Civil Engineering, computers, the construction industry, and investments.

Professor Tohru MOTO-OKA ( - 1986 )

IFIP notes with sorrow the death of Prof. Tohru Moto-Oka (J), a leader in the fields of Computer architecture and design automation and a significant contributor to IFIP's technical work.

Prof. Moto-Oka was born in Tokyo and received his education in electrical engineering at the University of Tokyo, completing his doctorate in 1958. He joined the faculty of the University and continued in that capacity until his death, last November. As chairman of the Fifth-Generation Computer Project's Promotion Committee, he was instrumental in establishing its direction. He was also active in the Japanese National Project for Scientific Super-Computers and in numerable committees, both in Japan and internationally. He was awarded, posthumously; the Zuihosho, the Order of the Sacred Treasure, by the Emperor of Japan last December.

Prof. Moto-Oka served as the Japanese representative to IFIP's Technical Committee on Digital Systems Design (TC 10) and was the program chairman for its Working Conference on Fifth Generation Computer Architecture, in Manchester in July 1985. Noted TC10 chairman Prof. David Aspinall (GB), ,,He was a model member of TC 10, and his presence enabled the development of a very successful conference, which brought together leading computer architects of fifth-generation computers from Japan, America, and Europe." Prof. Moto-Oka was also co-chairman of the Program Committee for IFIP's 7th International Conference on Computer Hardware Description Languages and Their Application in Tokyo last August and was an invited speaker at IFIP Congress 83.

Prof. Adriaan van WIJNGAARDEN ( 1916 - 1987 )

On February 9, 1987, Adriaan van Wijngaarden (NL), one of IFIP's founding fathers, died at age 70. It was a very sad occasion for us, losing not only a distinguished scholar, but also one of the nicest and kindest persons to be imagined.

Educated as a mechanical engineer at the Technical University of Delft, where he also obtained his Ph.D., van Wijngaarden joined the Mathematical Centre in Amsterdam on January 1, 1947, shortly after its founding. It was the start of a distinguished career, which was to continue there until his retirement in 1981. Professor van Wijngaarden once explained his philosophy for the Centre as follows. A three-pronged approach is needed: one must engage in the theory of computing, one has to be in the forefront of computer languages research and one must always do ,,something in the field of computer hard-ware." He himself considered. natural languages an additional challenge.

His first assignment for the Centre was touring the U.K. and the U. S.A., finding out to what extent that new invention, the automatic calculating machine, might be of importance to a mathematical institute. - If perhaps some eminent mathematicians of those days predicted that the computer would soon prove to have been only a momentary fashion, van Wijngaarden helped correct this view in a very decisive manner. Upon his return, he convinced the Centre's management that computing power is essential to applied mathematics and stimulating to the emerging discipline of computer science. And there was no better way to acquire such power than to build ones own machine! The result was ARRA (an electric relay machine). It was commissioned in 1952 by the group he headed at that time, of which G.A. Blaauw, E.W. Dijkstra, W.L. van der Poel and others would be members, themselves to become trailblazers in the world of computing. After ARRA there would be ARMAC and finally the fully transistorized X1.

By the late fifties, however, it was recognized that designing computers was a job for industry. Developing ideas and concepts rather than their immediate practical implementation would henceforth be the guideline. Meanwhile, two new features had been conceived that are commonplace nowadays: the channel and the interrupt.

Being one of the pioneers in a field gives rise to excitement and curiosity. The rapid development of the computer's capabilities triggered an interest in the design of machine-independent, general purpose algorithmic languages. It was this area that van Wijngaarden turned to after the Centre gave up its immediate involvement with building computers as such. The outcome was to leave the world changed permanently. First a member of the international group that designed Algol 60, he subsequently became the major architect of Algol 68. Although not successful in the- commercial sense, its conceptual depth is outstanding and its consequent influence widespread.

Algol 68 was an IFIP project, which brings one to van Wijngaarden's contributions to this international body. In the most literal sense, he stood at its cradle. Vice-president of the precursor International Conference on Information Processing in 1959, representative of the Netherlands in the General Assembly (1960-1971), IFIP vice-president (1962-1964), and trustee (1967-1970) are only some of the activities which earned him the Silver Core in 1974. The professional involvement with TC 1, Terminology (chairman 1967-1974), and TC2, Programming (member 1962-1971), probably meant even more to him. It is only fitting that in 1981 he should have been honored at his retirement as the Director of the Mathematical Centre by an IFIP International Symposium on Algorithmic Languages.

Of the many honors he received, election to the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences in 1959, selection as the first Honorary Member of the Dutch Computer Society in 1972, and receipt of the IEEE Computer Pioneer Award in 1986 (for his Algol 68 work) should be mentioned. But his most important distinction is the legacy he leaves behind. As a scientist, yes, but above all, as the wise and lovable person we shall always remember.

Alex Verrijn-Stuart *

IFIP trustee.

Professor Dr. Peter REICHERTZ (1930 - 1988 )

In August, Prof. Peter Reichertz (D), passed away. He was one of the founders of IFIP's Technical Committee 4, the predecessor of the International Medical Informatics Association of IFIP (IMIA). Prof. Reichertz was the Federal Republic of Germany's representative to IMIA and played a major role on several of its committees.

Professor. Dr. Jozsef HATVANY ( 1926 - 1988 )

IFIP notes with sadness. the recent death of Prof. Dr. József Hatvany (H). For six years he served as chairman of the IFIP Working Group on Discrete Manufacturing (WG 5.3). He was chairman and member of many International Program Committees and delivered over 20 invited keynote and survey papers at international conferences. In 1977 he received the IFIP Silver Core award.

Prof. Hatvany was born in Hungary in 1926, was educated primarily in Great Britain, and studied physics at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1947 he returned to Hungary. He published 169 scientific papers, primarily in the design and implementation of CAD/CAM systems, worked in institutions around the world, and received numerous awards.

Dr. E. Donovan TAGG ( 1914 - 1988 )

It is with a feeling of personal loss that we record the death of Donovan Tagg (UK), at the age of 74, on the eve of the 1988 TC3 European Conference on Computers in Education (ECCE '88). His name has been closely associated with the IFIP Technical Committee on Education (TC3) for twenty years. He was awarded the Silver Core in 1983 for his editorial services on .TC3 publications, and this work continued right up to the summer of 1988 with his co-editorship of an anthology of 25 years of TC3 publications and of the proceedings of ECCE '88, the, latter being dedicated to his memory. In addition to performing editorial tasks, he served as an active member of WG 3.1 for twenty years and also joined WG 3.2 in 1981.

His work for IFIP was preceded by a range of activities in the computer education field in Britain.- He was the first Chairman of the British Computer Society's (BCS) -Schools Committee in 1963.

His dedication to both the BCS and IFIP was accompanied at all times by a unique charm and deep concern for his fellows. Wise advice, encouragement and practical help were never lacking. We both have warm memories and deep gratitude to him for the contribution he made to many publications. It was wonderful to have a co-editor with such a fine eye to detail, who would spend so much time on the task, taking particular care to assist authors whose first language was not English.

Bob Lewis, chairman of WG 3.3

Frank Lovis, chairman of WG 3.5

Academician Andrei P. ERSHOV ( 1931 - 1988 )

Academician Andrei Petrovich Ershov, an outstanding Soviet scientist, died on 8 December 1988. He was one of the U.S.S.R.'s early pioneers in the field of theoretical and systems programming and a founder of the Siberian School of Computer Science. His significant contributions in forming informatics as a new branch of science are widely recognized in the U.S.S.R.

A..P. Ershov's research on program schematology and the theory of compilation was fundamental and inspired a large number of his students and successors. His book A Programming Programme for the BESM Computer was one of the first-monographs on automatic programming in the world. He was awarded the A.N. Krylov Prize for major contributions in the theory of mixed computation; it was the first time that a programmer received the most prestigious mathematical prize of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences. In 1974 A.P. Ershov was nominated as a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society.

Andrei P Ershov was with the Siberian Division of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences since 1959. He played an active role in founding the Novosibirsk Computer Center. In the 60s, his popular lectures greatly affected the formation of programming as a profession.

Due to the breadth of his vision, A.P. Ershov was one of the first men in the U.S.S.R. to recognize the key role of computerization in the progress of both science and society. He provided a plethora of valuable and influential ideas which became a basis of research in automation, parallel programming and artificial inteIligence in our country.

More then 20 years ago, A.P. Ershov began to experiment with teaching programming in secondary schools. These attempts evolved into the concept of computer, literacy and resulted. in establishing the course on informatics and computing machinery in the Soviet schools.

A. P. Ershov was not only an extremely gifted scientist, teacher, and fighter for his ideas, but also a bright and many-sided personality. He wrote poetry and translated the works of Rudyard Kipling and other English poets. He enjoyed playing the guitar and singing. He possessed the rare gift of caring about others.

Everybody who had the pleasure of knowing and working with Professor A.P. Ershov will always remember his great vision, eminent achievements and generous friendship.

Prof. Vadim E. Kotov (SU)
Deputy Director of the Computing Center
of the Siberian Div. of the U.S.S.R. Acad. of Sciences
* * *

Andrei joined IFIP's Technical Committee on Programming (TC2) and the Working Group on Algol (WG 2.1) not long after their founding in 1961/62. He remained a member of TC2 until his death. He was a member of the International Programme Committe of IFlP Congress 68 and vice-chairman of the IPC for Congress 80. He presented many papers at IFIP conferences and Congresses. In 1980 he received the Silver Core Award for services rendered toIFIP.

If you want to meet Andrei, read his paper ,,On the Essence of Compilation" in Formal Definition of Programming Concepts (ed. Neuhold, North-Holland, 1978,pp 391--420) inc1uding the discussion. lt reflects'his clear mind, his working style and his reactions to questions, at its best.

Heinz Zemanek
* * *

A P Ershov was a truly great scientist, with deep concern for his science and his fellow scientists in the field with deep convictions about where it should go, and with the fmest of all qualifications to carry out that programme.

Prof. Dines Björner (DK)
IPC Chairman IFIP Congress 86
Co-editor with Acad. Ershov of
Partial Evaluation and Mixed Computation

Professor Marcel LINSMAN ( 1912 - 1989 )

IFIP has lost one of its earliest promoters, who served as a representative of Belgium and Assistant Secretary of IFIP. Marcel Linsman was born in Liège on 22 June 1912. He studied mathematical sciences at the University Liège, receiving his bachelor's degree in 1934. In 1937, he received his doctorate ,,with highest distinction" He was appointed assistant professor at Liège in 1938, and in 1964, full professor.In 1943, he became interested in numerical calculation and recognized immediately the electronic possibilities. A grant by the Belgian research organization I.R.S.I.A. gave him an opportunity to work at Harvard University, in America, during the school year 1947-48, where ,he became a member of Howard Aiken's development group. From 1951 to 1955, he managed the development of one of the earliest European electronic computers, known as Machine I.R.S.I.A. His interest then took him into non-numerical applications of the computer. Starting with automatic translation, he initiated many projects, including teaching informatics and medical applications. Throughout his career, ,he was the recipient of many awards.

In IFIP, he was present from the first Council meeting in Rome until 1971, representing the Belgian member society. He was also active in the Technical Committee on Education (TC3). During die time IFIP was registered in Belgium, 1962 through 1967, he served as IFIP Assistant Secretary and handled all legal matters for IFIP. In 1974, he was in the first group to receive the IFIP Silver Core Award.

After long and painful years of sickness, Marcel Linsman died during the night from 18 to 19 April 1989. We all feel sympathy for his widow, who was with us so often during his active years.

Heinz Zemanek
after a ,,Mot d'adieu" by G. Fonder,
Dean of the Sciences Faculty of the University of Liège

Dr. Jan V. GARWICK ( 1917 - 1989 )

We regret to announce that Dr. Jan Garwick (N) passed away on 18 June 1989 in Hemet, California. He was the first president of the original Norwegian Computer Society, the predecessor of the present Society, and its first representative to IFIP. He served on IFIP's Technical Committee on Programming (TC2) and was active for several years in the Working Group on ALGOL (WG 2.1), contributing to the specifications of ALGOL 68.

Dr. S. HANADA ( - 1989 )

We regret to announce. the death, on 9 October 1989, of Dr. S. Hanada, the panese representative to the Technical Committee on Information Systems (TC8).

José GARCIA SANTESMASES ( 1907 - 1989 )

IFIP has lost one of its founders, Prof. José Garcia Santesmases (E), who was representative of Spain from the time of the International Congress on Information Processing (ICIP) in Paris in 1959. He signed the IFIP charter, served in Council and General Assembly until 1970, was chairman of the Awards Committee, played an important role in TC3 and was a member of the Programme Committee for IFIP Congress 62. He was among the first to receive the IFIP Silvercore award, in 1974.

Dr. Santesmases was born on May 2, 1907 in Barcelona, studied electrical engineering in Paris, became a university professor in Granada, but soon was called to Madrid, where he was appointed head of the Institute of Informatics and Automatics. He came from analog computing and .the differential analyzer. His early efforts concerned the application of ferroresonance for computer and control devices. One of his last papers, on the possibility of building computers from organic molecules, was written for the IFIP Quarter Century volume ( pp. 269-271). He supervised more than 40 doctorates, supplying Spain the specialists in informatics. He was the director. of the Journal for informatics and automatics, founded the Association of the same name and was president of the Spanish member organization, FESI.

He wrote more than 100 papers, a textbook on general physics and a book about the Spanish computing and automata pioneer Leonardo Torres y Quevedo.

He was elected member of the Royal Spanish Academy of Science in 1960 and was its vice-president during recent years. Of the many awards and honors he received, the most important was the Echegaray Golden Medal of the Royal Spanish Academy of Sciences.

Santesmases died, without suffering, in the midst of his family on October 24, 1989. His contributions to IFIP. remain as one of the monuments to him.

Heinz Zemanek

Professor Sidney MICHAELSON ( 1926 - 1991 )

Sidney Michaelson (UK), founding member of IFIP's Working Group on Very Large Scale Integration ( WG10.5 ), died on 21 February 1991 at the age of 65.

In 1963 he became the University of Edinburgh's first Professor and Head of the Department of Computer Science, which he built into one of the foremost departments in the world.

Sidney served on many Committees in. the University and outside, and he played a leading role in establishing and. maintaining professionalism within the British Computer Society.

Within IFIP, he was known for his interest in VLSI. In 1981 he organized a conference on VLSI in Edinburgh and was an active member of a Task Force that proposed the establishment of WG 10.5 to the IFIP General Assembly. In 1986, his contribution to IFIP was recognized with the Silver Core. Due to Sidney's imaginative leadership, WG10.5 has grown to be one of the most successful WGs in IFIP. The VLSI series of conferences, which he has bequeathed to IFIP, stands as a fitting memorial.

Prof. Roland Ibbett
TC10 correspondent for IFIP Newsletter

Dipl.Ing. Norbert TEUFELHART ( 1932 - 1991 )

We note with regret the death of Dipl Ing. Norbert Teufelhart (A), who passed away in October 1991. He was a long-time collaborator

of Prof Heinz Zemanek (A), helping him in the creation of the IFIP Working Conference format. He served on the organizing com-mittees or as an adviser for the first five such conferences.

Heinz Zemanek

Dr. M. Clayton ANDREWS (- 1992 )

We regret to announce the death of Dr. M. Clayton Andrews (USA) in January. He was the immediate past President of the International Council for Computer Communication (ICCC), an Affiliate Member of IFIP.

Professor Elöd KNUTH ( -1992 )

We regret to announce that ACAD. Professor Elöd Knuth ( H ) passed away 25 December 1992. He was a member of IFIP's Technical Committee on Software: Theory and Practice (TC2), a member of the Scientific Advisory Group of IFIP's TC on Artificial Intelligence (TC 12) and the driving force behind the WG2.6 second conference on Visual Database Systems.

Professor A. Nico HABERMANN ( 1931 - 1993 )

We regret to report that Professor A. Nico Habermann (USA), a world-renowned expert on programming, died of a heart attack in August at the age of 62. He was on leave . from his professorship at Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) to serve as Assistant Director for Computer and Information Science and

Engineering of the U.S. National Science Foundation. He was the founding dean of the CMU Computer Science school and was head of the Computer Science department from 1980 to 1988. Prof. Habermann served on . the International Program Committee of IFIP Congress 89 as chairman of the Software Development and Maintenance stream.

David T. LINDSAY (1936 - 1993 )

Mr. David Lindsay (GB), secretary of IFIP's Technical Committee on Security and Protection in Information processing Systems ( TC 11 ), died suddenly in April 1953 at the age of 57. He was internationally respected as an authority and an active contributor in die field of computer security. Having worked in industry as a programmer, management consultant, computer security officer, and security consultant, he was. in the process of establishing himself as an independent security consultant at the time of his death.

Mr. Lindsay served as president of the British Computer Society's Security Specialist Group and other related groups and contributed greatly to their output, including national security legislation.

He was the U.K. representative to TC 11 and a key organizer and facilitator. He chaired the organizing Committee of IFIP/SEC 9l, held in Brighton, U.K., in May 1991. Prof. William Caelli (AUS), TC11 chairman, wrote, ,,David's enthusiasm for die task and continuing interest and expertise in all aspects of information security will long be remembered by his friends in TC 11."

Hideo Yamashita ( 1899-1993 )

Dr. Hideo Yamashita passed away on May 25, 1993, at the age of 94. Dr. Yamashita served as the first president of the Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ), and, also being an honorary member of The Japan Academy, and an honorary professor of the University of Tokyo, made a great contribution to IFIP during its founding era.

Dr. Yamashita was born on May 21, 1899 in Kanda, Tokyo, and had studied electrical engineering and got his doctor's degree in 1938 from the Tokyo Imperial University. He had been engaged in the computer research since around 1936, and succeeded in the development of a computer which was called "Yamashita Method Statistical Computer" in 1948. However, this computer was not an automatic one but its programming was done by wiring. In 1951, he attended a treaty-making conference hosted by UNESCO for establishing the International Computation Center as a technical representative of Japan, ad served as a director of ICC thereafter. In the meantime, he played the most important role in developing a testing model of a of large-scale computer at the University of Tokyo, and completed "TAC," a vacuum-tube computer in 1959.

On the international meeting held by UNESCO in regard of information processing in June, 1959, Dr. Yamashita was awarded the Paris Citizenship Prize. Responding to the proposal to establish IFIP, made on that meeting, Dr. Yamashita took the office of the first president of the Information Processing Society of Japan, which was established in 1960 in order to obtain a membership of IFIP, and strove for establishing its basis.

He also joined the general assembly and the council meeting of IFIP as a representative of Japan.

We wish to express our heartfelt condolence for the passing of Dr. Yamashita, who made such a great contribution to the foundation of the Information Processing Society of Japan and IFIP.

Acad. Anatol A. DORODNICYN (1910 - 1994 )

After a heart attack on May 8, Academician Anatol Dorodnicyn, the Russian representative to IFIP, our third president, and the last of our founding fathers to represent his country in IFIP, died on June 7, surrounded by his children and his wife Valentina.

He graduated from the Grozny Petroleum Institute in 1931 and began his career as an instructor in Moscow and Leningrad. From 1941 to 1955, he worked at the Central Aerodynamics Institute in Moscow and from 1945 on, belonged to the Computation Center of the U.S.S.R; Academy of Sciences in Moscow, where he served as Director from 1955 until his retirement in 1990. Beginning in 1947, he was a professor at Moscow University, but he liked even better a professorship he had in a small technical college a little bit outside the city. At the early age of 43, he became a full Academy member.

Acad. Dorodnicyn was on the committee for the first World Computer Congress 1959 in Paris and, together with Acad. Panov, was one of the two Soviet founders of IFIP. He served as the delegate of the U.S.S.R. (later, Russia) to IFIP, from its founding in 1960 until his death. Over this period, he missed very few Council and General Assembly meetings. Holder of the Silver Core since its first awarding in 1974, he was IFIP trustee (1965-1967, 1973-1977, and 198O-1984), vice-president (1977-1980), and president (1968-1971). During his presidency, the IFIP Technical Committee on Computer Applications in Technology (TC 5) was launched, and the first attempts were made to establish the IFIP Secretariat in Geneva. The first PROLAMAT conference ( Rome, 1969 ) marked the entry of IFIP into the industrial application area, and he was instrumental in bringing the TC on System Modeling and Optimization ( TC 7 ) into IFIP. His IFIP Congress was held in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, in 1971.

The position of the U.S.S.R. delegate to IFIP was not easy, neither in IFIP nor at home. He had to live with the political system that existed, sometimes defending it, in order to reach the scientific and professional goals he had set for himself.

The Eastern computing community owes a lot to Dorodnicyn. He gave substantial support to many countries. A special case was China, where Dorodnicyn is considered the father of electronic computing. When politics stopped Russian-Chinese cooperation, all links were cut - but at our Council in Beijing, we could see that the friendships with Dorodnicyn had not suffered.

Dorodnicyn had many travel adventures, and he could tell them in a fascinating way, which I can hardly reproduce. For the 1965 Congress, he came to New York - but not his luggage. For the 1969 Council in Brussels, the Belgian government, at the last moment, refused him the visa because of some diplomatic games not related to IFIP or him. In Melbourne in 1980, he invited the entire Soviet delegation at the Congress to the home of one of three Cousin sisters who had escaped from the U.S.S.R., were married in Australia, and lived near Melbourne - proving to the Soviets that the emigrants were not the criminals the government propaganda called them. Some of the comrades started out sitting there with iron faces, but after two hours, they were all singing Ukrainian and Russian songs. For the IFIP Council in Zimbabwe in 1991, he traveled all the way down to the Capital of Mozambique, but when he was unable to catch the interconnecting flight to carry him on, he had to return. His last IFIP meeting was in Buenos Aires. at the 1990 General Assembly.

His family has lost an engage father and grandfather. They all can be proud of a mathematician and computing pioneer, and of an irreplaceable IFIP representative.

Heinz Zemanek

Professor Richard A. BUCKINGHAM (1911 - 1994)

We regret to announce that Professor Richard (Dick) A. Buckingham (GB) died on August 13, 1994, at the age of 83.

Dick's contributions to IFIP were invaluable, including the chairmanship of its Technical Committee on Education (TC3) from 1963 to 1973. Typical of Dick was the unstinting help he gave to the development of IFIP Working Group 3.1 on Secondary Education, from its initial role as an international information exchange in the late 1960s through its later success as an international forum for experts.

Dick Buckingham was the first and only Director of the London University Institute of Computer Science, playing a key role in the development of computer science as a mainstream subject before moving to become, in l974, the Professor of Computer Education at Birkbeck College, from which post he retired in 1978. He was the founder Director of the University of London Computer Unit in 1957, which later became the Atlas Computing Service and the University of London Computing Center. He was a numerical analyst who recognized before many of his colleagues that academic computing should be related to areas far removed from its science and engineering origins and that these areas would become increasingly important.

Dick was a great supporter of the work of the British Computer Society, a member of its Council for 12 years, serving on many of its education committees, and was the first chairman of the BCS Examinations Council.

David Tinsley,
member of WG3.1

Professor Dr.h.c. Konrad ZUSE ( 1910 - 1995 )

It is with great sadness that I inform you that Prof. Konrad Zuse (D) passed away 18 December 1995, peacefully, in his family's presence. Festivities for his 85th birthday were held in Huenfeld, Germany, this summer, with many friends and colleagues present, including Prof. Heinz Zemanek (A), a past president and the historian of IFIP. Konrad Zuse, who built the first electromechanical computer in 1938, devoted his life to the development of application-oriented computing, and his high-level programming language, PLANKALKUEL, anticipated many structures and concepts of high level-languages later to be developed. Konrad Zuse also made valuable contributions to social implications of computing.

For IFIP, Konrad Zuse made his last appearance and contribution at IFIP Congress 94, where he was a major contributor to the History of Computing sessions. The IFIP Technical Committee on Relationship between Computers and Society (TC9), and especially its Working Group 9.6 on the History of Computing, mourn the death of a great pioneer in our field. Many of us also lose an outstanding mentor and close colleague.

Klaus Brunnstein,
former chairman of TC 9