December 1996


IFIP Congress '96 Held in Canberra
The Future of IFIP Congresses
General Assembly Meets in Australia
New Committee for Strategic Planning
Membership Matters Discussed at GA
New Officers
Long-Time Officers Leave IFIP
Outstanding Service Awards
Publications Discussed at GA
Conference on Electronic Publishing
36-Year Book Now Complete
Who's Who in IFIP: Mr. Geoff Fairall
Personal Wireless Communications
IT Security in Research and Business
Integrated Network Management
Culture and Democracy Revisited
Autonomous Decentralized Systems

Calls for Papers
Future IFIP Meetings
National Abbreviations


Small Attendance Is a Disappointment

IFIP Congress '96, the 14th World Computer Congress began on 2 September in Canberra, Australia, on a lovely "note," with several musical selections by the young, talented Canberra School of Music Wind Quintet. Their pieces ranged from the serious to an irreverent number that might well have been entitled "Apologies to Beethoven." Prof. Ashley Goldsworthy (AUS), chairman of the Congress Organizing Committee, opened the proceedings by pointing out that delegates from 40 nations were in attendance. He then introduced the Governor General of Australia, Sir William Deane, who officially opened the Congress and applauded the fact that social issues were a significant component of the Congress discussions. (Australia's Prime Minister had also been scheduled to speak; however, he was called away to a South Pacific Leaders Forum at the time of the opening.) Prof. Kurt Bauknecht (CH), president of IFIP, who was recovering from a broken leg, left his crutches behind in order to welcome the delegates. He stressed the goal that IFIP be continually involved in new activities. Dr. Prem Gupta (IND), chairman of the International Program Committee, spoke briefly. (His co-chair, Prof. Egon Hoerbst (A), was not able to attend the opening session.)

Goldsworthy to Lead Task Force

The next speaker, The Hon. John Moore, Australian Minister for Industry, Science and Tourism, pointed out the importance of information industries in Australia. He said that Australia's per capita use of PCs was second only to that of the U.S. He announced the appointment of an Information Industries Taskforce to review the Australian information industries strategy, with Prof. Goldsworthy, an IFIP vice-president, as chairman. Mr. Tom Worthington, president of the Australian Computer Society, which hosted the Congress, thanked all who worked for the Congress and welcomed all the delegates.

Two keynote speakers began the technical program. Mr. Hajime Sasaki (J) spoke on Trends of Flat Displays in the Multimedia Age. Among his prognostications was that the size of transistors will approach that of smoke particles. The second speaker, Prof. Luc Steels (B), spoke on Artificial Life and Real World Computing.

A Union of Conferences

Following the keynotes, the parallel technical sessions began. This was the first IFIP Congress organized as a union of individual conferences: Advanced IT Tools, Mobile Communications, and Teleteaching. For the first of these, two parallel streams were held during the four full days of the Congress; for the second, one stream was held; and for Teleteaching, a variety of events took place, but none was in the form of a traditional session, with the presentation of technical papers. Delegates registered for one of the three conferences and received printed proceedings for that conference only, although they could attend whatever sessions they wished. (No proceedings were printed for Teleteaching, whose delegates are receiving a CD-ROM containing excerpts from the conference events.) In addition to these conferences, the Congress Organizing Committee held a conference on IT and Business Practice at the same site for two days, but with a separate registration fee.

The first social event of the week was the welcome reception and exhibition opening, held the first evening. As he cut the ribbon in front of the exhibition area, Mr. Neville Roach, chairman of the Australian Information Industry Association, reminded the audience of another Australian ribboncutting, in 1932, at the opening of the Sydney Harbor Bridge, when a member of a conservative, paramilitary organization galloped, on horseback, past the Premier of New South Wales and slashed apart the ribbon with his sword. Once the Congress exhibition was open, the delegates could view the displays from 47 corporations and other organizations.

Tuesday saw the first full day of the Congress, highlighted by the keynote speech of Dr. Wolfgang Wahlster (D), Towards Speech-to-Speech Translation for Mobile Telecommunications. He described the development by an international consortium of a speech-to-speech translation system. Such a system might operate as follows: A German woman speaks into a telephone. Her speech is recognized and translated into English. Synthetic English speech in a woman's voice is sent over the telephone to a male American listener. The listener responds in English, and the German hears the response in German synthetic speech in a male voice.

The main activity of the Teleteaching conference Tuesday afternoon was a Virtual School Visit. For this program, the participants went to a group of elementary schools in Canberra, in order to hear about the Travel Buddy Project, which involves the students in a class preparing a package of information about themselves, their school, and their country, along with a stuffed animal (a koala). These packages were exchanged with similar packages from other schools around the world. The diaries for the Travel Buddies are being maintained, transmitted by e-mail to those interested, and made available on the WorldWide Web (WWW). Most Buddies have their own home pages.

Pervasive Themes

As the Congress proceeded, one could discern several themes that transcended the specific topics of the individual conferences. It became apparent that many of the talks concerned international projects, in which components were designed and produced in different countries. Going beyond this, some talks described distributed systems in which one part of the information processing is performed by a computing system in one country, after which the results are passed for further processing to a system in another country, and so on. We hope that the international collaboration fostered in IFIP has been responsible for some of this activity. Object oriented systems were also discussed to a great extent. Finally, the Internet was mentioned frequently -- as a tool for communication among scientists, as a repository of information, and as an object of research and development activity.

Tuesday afternoon, a panel on the Internet attracted considerable attention. Among the issues addressed were the concern that the "voice industry" dominates data transmission, concerns over security of Internet sites and security of data transmissions, and the question of who has legal jurisdiction over the Internet: countries, states, municipalities?

Another special event was the well attended Pioneer Event, at which each of four invited speakers summarized the history of computing during a specified era. In addition, some historical computer equipment was on display. Prof. J.A.N. Lee (USA) spoke at the Pioneer Dinner.

One of the most popular spots during the Congress was the Internet Cafe, where delegates had access to terminals for e-mail and other purposes. Two delegates who had been communicating with each other for over two years, but never met face to face, happened to be sitting at adjacent terminals in the Internet Cafe and quite by accident discovered each other's identity.

A Major Hoax

The Congress dinner, held in Parliament House in Canberra, was one of the week's highlights. The speaker, introduced as Dr. Lawrence Tibbs, Associate Director for Technology and advisor to the President and Vice-President of the U.S., gave a lively and very humorous talk. He addressed the audience as, "Ladies, gentlemen, and Australians." He stated, "You can tell an American IT expert ... but you can't tell him much." Although most of the attendees were amused, some were upset or surprised at his lack of diplomacy. After his talk, which had some thoughtful moments, he removed his hairpiece and revealed himself as Mr. Campbell McComas, a professional comedian, who fooled virtually everyone in the audience.

The keynote speaker on the final morning was Dr. Dale Spender (AUS), who delivered a provocative talk, Creativity and the Computer Education Industry. Excerpts from her address will be printed in a future IFIP Newsletter.

Closing Ceremony

The closing ceremony, Friday afternoon, began with a showy videotape with digitally generated animation and digital video that was recorded during the Congress. The main speaker of the afternoon was Prof. Geoffrey Blainey, one of Australia's foremost historians, whose topic was Exploding Information and Shrinking Globe: a Forecast. He discussed three major "gateways": the Neolithic revolution, which involved the domestication of animals and the beginning of farming, the industrial revolution, and the information revolution, which will give us improved eyes and ears (perhaps brains and memory) in the same way that the industrial revolution gave us improved arms and legs. He claimed that in the information revolution, the first one to evolve within the lifetime of a single generation, we are laying a chief cornerstone of the world to come. Next, President Bauknecht thanked the International Program Committee and all speakers and participants.

The presentation of the Isaac L. Auerbach Award was made by Mr. Howard Funk (USA), an IFIP vice-president. Because of health problems, the award recipient, Prof. Dr. Lubomir Iliev (BG), was unable to attend the Congress. In his stead, Prof. Kiryl Boyanov (BG) read his words of thanks to IFIP, in which he said,

The cooperation amongst countries that was done with the help of IFIP played a major role not only in the development of Computer Science and Informatics but also in improving the atmosphere and mutual relations between our countries and scientists. I hope that the role and influence of IFIP will grow further and further and that the organization will be able to influence the emergence of new achievements for the good of mankind. I would like to express my deepest gratitude, once more, and to assure you, dear friends, that I am with you in my thoughts and I am proud that I was one of you.

This was followed by a video on IFIP Congress '98, narrated by the co-chairs of the Organizing Committee, Dr. Walter Grafendorfer (A) and Mrs. Maria Toth (H). Prof. Bauknecht closed by thanking the very friendly Organizing Committee and asking the delegates to "join us in reality" at IFIP Congress '98 in Vienna and Budapest.

All in all, the delegates had a very pleasant experience. The National Convention Centre, the locale of the Congress, is a new, modern, comfortable facility and proved to be an excellent site for the Congress and exhibition. The staff members were helpful and friendly. A lively daily newsletter was prepared by the hosts. (Copies, along with photographs, can be found on the WWW at http://www.acs.org.au/president/1996/ifip96/dlyexp.htm) Foreigners were impressed with the honor system in effect: nobody checked badges at the entrance to Congress sessions, and nobody collected tickets to social events. Also, Canberra was beautiful.

Added Information

The two volumes of Congress proceedings, published by Chapman & Hall, are Advanced IT Tools, edited by Dr. Nobuyoshi Terashima (J) and Dr. Edward Altman (J), and Mobile Communications, edited by Prof. Jose Encarnacao (D) and Prof. Jan Rabaey (USA).

The Principal Sponsors of the Congress were Apple Computer Australia Pty. Ltd., Australian Department of Industry, Science and Tourism, Hitachi Data System, IBM Australia Ltd., and Wizard Information Services Pty. Ltd. There were also other categories of sponsors.

The following attendance figures have been provided by Prof. Goldsworthy:. 243 people outside of Australia attended, not all of whom paid the full registration fee, and over 300 Australians registered. The fifteen workshop sessions, in Canberra, Melbourne, and Sydney, attracted 75 participants. The following countries sent the largest numbers of delegates to Australia:

Japan (45)    Netherlands (9
Germany (32)  U.K. (9)
Norway (20)   China (8) 
U.S.A. (18)   Korea (8) 
Sweden (8)

Only one delegate came from a country of the Former Soviet Union (Ukraine). Few delegates came from major corporations in the information technology sector.

It is believed that just one individual, Mr. William Olle (GB), has attended all fourteen IFIP Congresses. Will anyone who knows of any other such participant please inform the IFIP Newsletter.


In his remarks at the closing session of IFIP Congress '96, Prof. Kurt Bauknecht (CH), president of IFIP, pointed out that this Congress had the lowest attendance in many years and that the IFIP Executive Board was beginning an analysis of why this happened. He asked these questions: Are Congresses still the right thing to do? Is the format appropriate? Since important decisions must soon be made for the Congresses to be held in 1998 and 2000, it is vital that the IFIP community be aware of the issues concerning IFIP Congress '96 and the future of IFIP Congresses.

Very little discussion of the Congress took place at the IFIP General Assembly in Canberra, which followed the Congress. Only 20 minutes were allocated for discussion, and no written reports were prepared by the International Program Committee (IPC) or Organizing Committee (OC). No numbers regarding attendance or financial outcome were presented, because the OC wanted more time to analyze the results. Although only 300 Australians attended this Congress, 1222 Australians attended the 1980 Congress in Melbourne. (That Congress was split between Tokyo and Melbourne.) Also, only 19 of the 35 IFIP General Assembly members present in Canberra registered for the Congress.

Considering the vast amounts of volunteer effort expended on the Congress by members of the IPC, OC, and other bodies of IFIP, and the large amount of money involved in registration fees and travel and accommodation expenses, and donations from sponsors, some feel that that it is unreasonable to hold such Congresses for such a small number of participants.

Some Minuses

Unfortunately, there were some minuses. With only three or four parallel streams at a time, this Congress did not offer the breadth provided by previous IFIP Congresses and was not of significant interest to anyone not specializing in the topics covered by the three component conferences. None of the keynote speakers or invited speakers had the renown of such speakers at prior Congresses, who were known well beyond their fields of specialty. Some delegates found the Teleteaching program weak.

The registration fee ($950 Australian, or over 950 Swiss francs, for registration at the Congress site) was much higher than is customary for conferences similar to the three held under the IFIP Congress '96 umbrella. Additional fees were charged for many activities that have been included in the registration fee in the past.

Other complaints heard from delegates included the following. There was a geographic imbalance of authors: for example, over one third of the papers in the Mobile Communications conference were from Germany, and very few papers were presented from the U.S. Several speakers did not attend. (No figures are available on the number of "noshows.") Also, some papers in the proceedings were in the form of extended abstracts.

Did Something Go Wrong?

It behooves us to determine why the Congress was not the success we would have liked it to be. Certainly, hard work went into it. The OC mailed almost a quarter of a million pieces of promotional material. The IPCs of the individual conferences were large and should have been able to draw many attendees: 29 members on the committee for Advanced IT Tools, for which 61 papers were presented, 27 members on the Mobile Communications committee, with 33 papers, and 21 on the Teleteaching committee.

These issues were raised at a meeting of the IFIP Executive Board with chairs of Congress committees, past, present, and future, held the Wednesday afternoon of the Congress. Unfortunately, there was little agreement. One participant suggested soliciting many more invited papers and paying expenses for some of the speakers, while another expressed the opinion that there should be more opportunity for young Ph.D.s to present papers. Perhaps the problem was with the venue. Canberra is not considered a major Australian tourist site, and the beginning of September is a chilly time there. The time of year may also be wrong for Europeans. An explanation of the very small attendance from developing countries is that no support for delegates from these countries was received from UNESCO this year. An IFIP officer said that the name "IFIP Congress" is tarnished and that a new name is needed. Someone called for the formation of a Congress steering committee that would be responsible for all Congresses, have control of the IPCs and OCs, and manage the funds. Perhaps IFIP Technical Committees and Working Groups should be offered incentives to organize parts of the Congresses. Maybe people cannot afford any longer to take off an entire week from work. The chair of one of the conferences said, "If you have a good product, people will come." One concern, not mentioned at the meeting, is that IFIP receives an average of 50 000 Swiss francs annually from Congress organizers, money that it uses to support its technical activities. Dr. Bruce Shriver, chairman of the board of the U.S. Member society of IFIP and newly appointed vice-chair of the IPC of Congress '98, called attention to the Supercomputing series of conferences, which have an international attendance in the thousands, charge low registration fees, and are profitable.

What to Do?

The discussion group was reminded that the new format of this Congress (as an umbrella for a number of individual conferences) was an experiment, to see whether this was the direction that future Congresses should take. The experiment was obviously not successful, yet the 1998 Congress is also planned to be an umbrella of individual conferences. Perhaps the General Assembly should set some reasonable number of paying delegates as a target for that Congress. If that number is not reached, despite everyone's best efforts, the GA should decide that IFIP Congresses are relics of the past and should be abandoned. (Of course, IFIP must honor any commitments already made to the host societies for future Congresses.)

Without the Congresses, IFIP would still be a vital federation, responsible for a large number of technical conferences and publications annually. And IFIP does this very well. Discontinuing the Congresses might allow IFIP to focus more on these activities and serve to revitalize the organization.


The IFIP General Assembly (GA) met in Canberra, Australia, 8-10 September, preceded by IFIP Congress '96 and various committee meetings. There was good news and bad news. The good news concerned the present financial situation and the thriving technical activity; the bad news concerned the just-completed Congress and the stagnant membership. Processes of developing a long-term strategy for IFIP and restructuring the Technical Assembly (TA) were begun. A new initiative was undertaken with respect to electronic publishing and publishing low-volume proceedings. Four new Working Groups (WGs) were formed. New officers were elected, and IFIP said farewell to several long-time officers. It was a busy GA.

The GA was welcomed by Mr. Tom Worthington, president of the Australian Computer Society (ACS), who urged IFIP to provide more on-line information. His message to the GA can be found on the ACS WorldWide Web page at http://www.acslink.net.au/~tomw/ifipad1.htm. Among his on-line exploits was taking digital photographs of Canberra from a hot-air balloon, in order to promote IFIP Congress '96.

In reporting on the GA, we start with the good news: Mr. Aage Melbye (DK), then the IFIP treasurer, estimated a surplus of 200K-250K CHF (thousands of Swiss Francs) for 1996. The net assets at the end of 1995 were 1460K CHF. The anticipated 1996 income includes 100K CHF due from the Australian Computer Society, for the Congress. Additional explanations for the surplus are satisfactory income from IFIP events and from royalties, and efficient operation of the IFIP Secretariat. The prediction that the move of the Secretariat from Switzerland to Austria would save significant funds for IFIP has been justified. However, Mr. Melbye cautioned the GA not to be overconfident of the continued financial well-being of IFIP and noted that the previous three years have seen small losses. He urged the GA to be very careful in initiating any significant, continuing fixed expenses. A disturbing aspect of his report was the description of the difficult relationship with the new accounting firm and the unexpectedly large fees charged. The budget that the GA approved for 1997 is quite similar to that for 1996, calling for a deficit of approximately 20K CHF, essentially a balanced budget. An additional expense item is approximately 30K CHF added to the President's Reserve, which is to be used for unanticipated Secretariat expenses, the possible hiring of a marketing consultant, and funds required to put into place the strategic plans for IFIP that are discussed here. A disappointment was that certain budgeted funds were not spent. In particular, when the Developing Countries Support Committee does not spend moneys available to it, IFIP fails to fulfill its responsibility to support developing countries.

Technical Activity

One proof of the technical vitality of IFIP is the creation of four new WGs: Information Technology in Educational Management (WG3.7), Intelligent Networks (WG6.7), Wireless Communication (WG6.8), and Informatics in International Business Enterprises (WG8.7). Their Aims and Scopes will be printed in a future IFIP Newsletter. The merging of WG12.1 on Knowledge Representation and WG12.3 on Reasoning Techniques was also announced.

Members of the Technical Committee on Education (TC3) were heavily involved in running the UNESCO Congress on Education and Informatics held in Moscow, Russia, in July. The president of IFIP, Prof. Kurt Bauknecht (CH), spoke in the opening session, and many IFIP people gave presentations during the week. Two workshops, The UNESCO /IFIP Curricula and Educational Policies in Information Technologies, were prepared and conducted by IFIP people. The recommendations from this Congress included the following: a) "UNESCO should encourage the organization of workshops (seminars) in developing countries based on the UNESCO/IFIP curriculum on Informatics for Secondary Education," b) "UNESCO is urged to consider co-operating with concerned nongovernmental organizations and professional associations such as IFIP in order to stimulate research on the improvement of computer interfaces for learning...," and c) "It is recommended that UNESCO considers commissioning IFIP ... to prepare a report on 'National Policies on Information and Communication Technologies in Education.' Although the report should cover the widest spectrum of policies, it should also specifically address the needs of developing countries."

The GA approved the transformation of the Specialist Group (SG) on Foundations of Computer Science (SG14) into TC1, thus recognizing the solid basis of its activity. This was an appropriate recognition of Prof. Jozef Gruska (SK), through whose efforts this SG was founded seven years ago. (The original TC1, on Terminology, was dissolved in 1974. It seems quite appropriate, because of the significance of theoretical computer science to IFIP, that the new TC have number 1.) The membership of the TC must now be adjusted to conform to the rule that each IFIP Member society may have only one representative on a TC.

The GA discussed the increase in the number of events held jointly with other organizations (especially the U.S. ACM and the Computer Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers <IEEE>). Holding joint events is viewed as positive by some, since collaboration is frequently beneficial and gives greater visibility to IFIP. Others are concerned about competition and feel that IFIP should sponsor only its own events. Prof. Egon Hoerbst (A), chairman of TC10, pointed out the global nature of IFIP with an analogy to global corporations, which are worldwide and are based in no specific country. Local companies, on the other hand, do business only locally, and international companies do business worldwide but have a base in one country.

TC reports to the GA varied in length from a four-line report from TC10 (Computer Systems Technology) to quite extensive, informative reports from other TCs. Among the technical activities that were reported are the following:

Other Items

Recognizing the excellent work of Mr. Plamen Nedkov (BG), the Executive Board conferred the title Executive Director on him.

The book Thirty-Six Years of IFIP by Prof. Heinz Zemanek (A) has been completed (click here).

A new version of the IFIP Information Bulletin was printed in November. This abbreviated version is supplemented by additional on-line data, which can be found at the address http://www.ifip.or.at/bulletin.htm

No progress was reported in the effort to have IFIP admitted to membership in ICSU, the International Council of Scientific Unions (see the article on page 10 of the December 1995 Newsletter). Some GA members felt that IFIP should attempt to persuade ICSU that IFIP is the proper organization to represent theoretical computer science within ICSU. Others expressed the opinion that IFIP should support the formation of the proposed International Union of Computing Science and Informatics and cooperate with it, since IFIP's aims and those of the Union would be complementary and not competing. President Bauknecht will attend the next ICSU General Assembly to discuss this matter.

Other significant actions include the following:

The GA was not without its light moments. Commenting on the formation of a committee, Mr. Martin Jones (AUS), representative of Affiliate Member FACE (International Federation of Associations of Computer Users in Engineering, Architecture and Related Fields), said, "A committee is a group that keeps minutes but wastes hours." At another point in the meeting, a GA member's notebook computer began playing music and couldn't be turned off.

The GA was adjourned, with many thanks to the Australian hosts. The excellent facilities provided, in the National Convention Center, were among the best the GA has ever had, and the Australian friendliness was greatly appreciated.


The Future Form of the Technical Assembly Is Not Clear

An effort to restructure the IFIP Technical Assembly (TA) has resulted in the creation of a Strategic Planning Committee but no change, so far, in the organization of the TA. The process began because complaints were voiced in 1995 that there was too much duplication in the reports by the Technical Committee (TC) chairmen in the TA and Council or General Assembly (GA) meetings. (When we mention TCs here, we also include Specialist Groups.) This resulted in the creation, at the 1995 GA in Calgary, Canada, of a task force to study this matter.

The TA was originally created to formulate long-term plans for IFIP's technical activities and to facilitate and promote cooperation among IFIP's TCs and Affiliate Members (AMs). It was also envisioned that the TA would be the means by which IFIP might serve as an "umbrella" organization for all societies related to information processing. As the TA has evolved, since its first meeting in 1988, more and more topics have been discussed there. Two or three years ago, it was suggested that all GA members attend the TA meetings (which have typically been held the day before the GA), in order that they understand the issues discussed in the TA and that the TC chairs need not repeat these discussions during the GA. Nonetheless, some believe that there is still too much overlap.

Restructuring Proposal

The major recommendations of the task force, chaired by Prof. Martti Tienari (SF), then TA chairman, are as follows:


Scope of agenda:


Difficulties of this proposal include the following. It would not provide new TC chairs any forum in which to ask advice, discuss problems, air concerns, and become familiar with IFIP. TC chairs and AM representatives would have no opportunity to discuss matters that they would be reluctant to discuss before the entire GA. It would not provide AM representatives the opportunity to participate in discussions that would be of value to them.

Strategic Planning

After a great deal of debate, the September GA in Canberra resolved 1) to establish a Strategic Planning Committee, for making recommendations to the GA on issues concerning the future strategic directions of IFIP, and 2) to invite the TC chairs to propose an appropriate revision of the TA. IFIP's president, Prof. Kurt Bauknecht (CH), named Prof. Ashley Goldsworthy (AUS), a vice-president, to chair the Strategic Planning Committee, which is to be a small body. At the close of the GA, no proposals had been received for a revision of the form of the TA. President Bauknecht appointed Prof. Wilfried Brauer (D), a vice-president, to chair the TA, which will meet again at the March Council meeting in Bratislava, Slovakia.

In order to move forward in the direction of strategic planning, a "brainstorming" session was held in the GA the afternoon of 9 September. First, a long list of visions of the future of IFIP was compiled by those present, from realistic (such as "the world's conscience on the use of information technology <IT>") to hopeful (e.g., "the leading international publisher of IT") to humorous ("a social club for retired IT practitioners"). The GA then chose five of the visions to analyze:

IFIP is the most desirable international body, to which all computer societies desire to belong. IFIP has the most desirable structure for international IT working groups. IFIP is the leading international IT conference organizer. IFIP is the international bridge between science and business. IFIP is recognized as the peak international umbrella body for IT issues.

The GA then formed five groups, each of which derived a set of "objectives" (conditions to be met before the vision is realized) and "goals" (steps to be taken in order to achieve the vision). These were then reported to the following plenary session of the GA. The Strategic Planning Committee will take these reports into account during its future deliberations.


More than One Member per Country Is a Possibility

Two aspects of IFIP membership arose during discussions at the IFIP General Assembly (GA) in Canberra in September: the possibility of multiple members from one country and the present stagnant membership.

The first of these topics, discussed at a number of meetings in Canberra, was whether IFIP should change its statutes in order to permit more than one organization in a country to join IFIP. At present, the Full Members represented in IFIP include the unique computer societies of countries, the national academies of science, confederations of computer societies, and organizations formed solely to provide representation in IFIP (e.g., FOCUS in the U.S.).

At present, only one organization per country is permitted to join IFIP, generally the first one to apply for membership. Once that organization has been admitted, it cannot be replaced -- even if another organization later becomes the predominant information processing society in the country. This may result in a situation that is bad for the country and bad for IFIP. In order to eliminate such problems, it has been proposed that more than one Full Member per country be admitted. Many practical questions arise, such as

It was pointed out that because of the expenses entailed in dues and sending representatives to GA and TCs, there would probably be very few countries from which additional membership applications would be coming. It was also suggested that IFIP continually evaluate the contributions of its Members and attempt to weed out those not substantially furthering the Federation's activities.

IFIP's president, Prof. Kurt Bauknecht (CH), has sent a letter to all Members, in order to solicit their advice on this subject, in preparation for bringing the matter to a vote in the 1997 GA (in Gramado, Brazil).

Static Membership

It was observed that the IFIP membership has been stagnant for a few years, as illustrated by the secretary's report to the GA. The report stated that the Brazilian Computer Society has now fulfilled the requirements for Membership in IFIP and is a Full Member. Unfortunately, Belarus, admitted at the same time as Brazil, has not been able to pay the prescribed dues and has been forced to withdraw. Similarly, since no representative from Armenia has attended a GA meeting, Armenia is not able to assume Membership. Greece has been suspended for failure to pay dues. Voting rights have been suspended for four other countries. At present, there are only 38 Full Members with a vote in the GA. Furthermore, some major countries have not sent representatives to the GA in years.

This disappointing situation is in contrast to the optimism felt at the time of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, when it was anticipated that several states from the former Soviet Union would be applying for membership. Although the IFIP dues are affordable for most countries, taking advantage of membership entails sending representatives to the GA and the Technical Committees. The required travel expenses are often significantly greater than the dues.


The following officers were elected by the September General Assembly in Canberra:

Treasurer:      Dr. Dipak Khakhar (S) 
Secretary:      Mr. Graham Morris (GB) 
Vice-President: Mr. Geoff Fairall (ZW) 
Trustee:        Prof. Ricardo Reis (BR) 
                Prof. Xiaolang Yan (PRC) 
                Mr. Jose Granado (P) (for a one-year term)

Mr. Morris's term as Individual Member was also extended for another three years.

Also, these changes in chairs were made by IFIP's president, Prof. Kurt Bauknecht (CH):

Technical Assembly: Prof. Wilfried Brauer (D)

Strategic Planning Committee: Prof. Ashley Goldsworthy (AUS)

Finance Committee: Mr. Jose Granado (P)

Marketing Committee: Mr. Chris Guy (ZA)

Admissions Committee: Prof. Xiaolang Yan (PRC)

Nominations for Officers: Mr. Graham Morris (GB)

Nominations for Trustees: Prof. Ricardo Reis (BR)


With sadness, the General Assembly said farewell to four long-time officers who are resigning from their positions in IFIP.

Mr. Aage Melbye served as Danish representative for 19 years, on the Council for 16 years, on the Executive Board for 10 years, and as treasurer for 6 years. He brought order out of the chaos that previously existed in the IFIP accounting system. Mr. Melbye was one of the few people still active in IFIP who had attended the first IFIP Congress (in Paris in 1959).

Mr. Masanori Ozeki was Japanese representative for 9 years, trustee for 8 years, and most recently chairman of the Admissions Committee.

Prof. Martti Tienari served as Finnish representative for 9 years, as trustee for 7 years, and most recently as chair of the Technical Assembly.

Prof. Jozef Gruska (SK) initiated the formation of the Specialist Group on Foundations of Computer Science (now Technical Committee 1) in 1989 and has been its chair since then.

These four have served IFIP with great devotion and will be sorely missed for their contributions to IFIP as well as for their comradeship.


In September, the IFIP General Assembly (GA) voted the Outstanding Service Award to the following IFIP workers:

TC10/WG10.5: Prof. Carlos Delgado-Kloos (E) 
TC10: Dr.ir. Erik Dirkx (B) 
      Prof. Claude Girault (F) 
WG10.5: Dr. Takayuki Yanagawa (J)
WG14.3: Prof. Hans-Jorg Kreowski (D)

Outstanding Service Awards are granted for services rendered to IFIP by Technical Committee (TC) and Working Group (WG) members, on recommendation of TC chairmen and approval by the Internal Awards Committee. Eligible for nomination are TC and WG members not normally eligible for the Silver Core Award.


Plans Are Put Forward for Publishing Low-Volume Proceedings and for Electronic Publication

IFIP publications were a major topic of discussion at the September IFIP General Assembly. During 1996, 36 IFIP books are being produced by Chapman & Hall (C&H), our publisher. Sales are close to the expected levels. Some books, in fact, have exceeded projected sales to such an extent that they are being reprinted. The leading revenue producers among the Technical Committees are TC6 (Communication Systems) and TC5 (Computer Applications in Technology).

Mr. Mark Hammond, representative of C&H, reported that the publisher is contacting abstracting services in order to have abstracts of the papers from IFIP proceedings included in their databases. He informed the Publications Committee (PC) that the new journal of the TC on Education (TC3), Education and Information Technologies, is behind schedule, in need of manuscripts, and far from meeting the projected number of subscriptions. We plan to include an article about this journal in a future issue of the IFIP Newsletter.

Low-Volume Proceedings

Publication of conference proceedings that are deemed by the publisher to have sales insufficient to cover the costs of marketing was a major topic of discussion at the PC meeting. Publication of these low-volume proceedings is highly desirable, in order to provide the authors with a publication vehicle and to promulgate the work of IFIP. The PC arrived at the following plan.

There was a discussion concerning how to ensure that these low-volume proceedings be of high technical quality, maintaining IFIP standards. It was noted that only the proceedings editor monitors the process after the papers have been reviewed and selected for presentation. Neither the publisher, the TC chair, nor the International Program Committee is involved. In many cases, however, the editor merely collects the papers and forwards them to the publisher.

Electronic Publication

Electronic publication was another topic of importance. The 1995 IFIP Technical Assembly commissioned a task force to create a plan for action regarding electronic publication (see the article on page 7 of the December 1995 IFIP Newsletter). Although no further action has been taken within IFIP, C&H is considering electronic publication. Following are excerpts from Mr. Hammond's proposal to the PC.

Chapman & Hall's journal publishing division is planning to launch 3 wholly electronic journals in 1997. Printed versions of the journals are made available at the end of each year, i.e., a complete volume. This ensures that these journals are viewed as archival publications. Authors will submit papers as PostScript files. After refereeing, revision, and acceptance, the papers are converted into a usable format for the Internet....

With the help of the Publications Committee and TC Chairs, I would like to identify one or two pilot projects for online publication. It may be that a print version will be published alongside the electronic version. The aim, at this stage, is to address production issues associated with on-line publication. Issues of pricing, sales and marketing can be dealt with in due course.

There is cost involved in converting the PostScript files. ... Consequently, the pilot projects must have some market potential. In the long-run, it may be possible to capture electronically the output of IFIP events. This information could be repackaged into new products, subject to demand, or made available on a subscription basis.

I recommend that we identify one or two events taking place in the first half of 1997 that are suitable for on-line publication and develop and publish at least one wholly online publication in 1997.

The PC, while recognizing potential difficulties for authors in providing their manuscripts in satisfactory electronic format, endorsed this proposal and encouraged C&H to complete the pilot project as soon as possible.

During the discussion of electronic publishing, it was pointed out that in some cases, making complete books available online has boosted the sale of the printed versions, when the prices were low enough. In a related activity, TC6, together with the International Council for Computer Communication, is planning a Conference on Electronic Publishing . It is hoped that this conference will generate a body of IFIP expertise and experience.


IFIP has a major interest in electronic publication -- both because IFIP is a publisher of scientific information and because the technology upon which such publication depends is in IFIP's area of concern. In an attempt to gain expertise in this field, IFIP and the ICCC (International Computer Communications Council, an Affiliate Member of IFIP) are organizing a conference, Electronic Publishing -- New Models and Opportunities, 14-16 April at Canterbury, U.K. There will be two parallel streams -- one on technical issues and one on socio-economic issues. The technical stream includes new developments in networking, possibilities of new technology, author/reader requirements, and the need for standardization. The socio-economic stream includes the changing roles of publishers, subscription agents, librarians, and others involved in information dissemination; author/reader requirements; and economic/financial questions. There will also be plenary sessions that cover the whole of electronic publishing.

A major underlying theme of the conference is the promotion of an "exchange of experience" between the participants -- especially between academics performing research in the area and publishers and others with practical experience.

Prof. Jack Meadows (GB), Chairman of the International Program Committee, said, "We intend that this conference be a stimulating experience, with a great deal of cross-fertilization of ideas. The combination of practical experience and the latest discoveries of academic research will undoubtedly lead to new models of academic and other publication in the near future."

One can obtain further information from the WorldWide Web at http://www.ukc.ac.uk/library/ICCC/index.htm

or by contacting

Fytton Rowland 
Department of Information and Library Studies 
Loughborough University 
Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, U.K. 
tel:+44 (0)1509 223039, fax:+44 (0)1509 223053 


Zemanek Thanked

The completion of the book 36 Years of IFIP by Prof. Heinz Zemanek (A), a former president and Honorary Member of IFIP, was announced to the September General Assembly in Canberra. Copies of this major undertaking, summarizing all facets of IFIP and containing contributions from many members of the IFIP community, have been sent to all Member societies and GA representatives. The GA expressed its gratitude to Prof. Zemanek for a job well done. Although the book will not be for sale, plans are afoot to make it available on the WorldWide Web.


Mr. Geoff Fairall, the IFIP representative of Zimbabwe and an IFIP vice-president, was born in England but relocated at an early age to Southern Africa, where he received his education -- in South Africa and Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).

He was one of Zimbabwe's first programmers, starting work on the government treasury computer, the first machine in the country and approximately the fifth on the African continent. This was from 1960 to 1964, after which he joined NCR to manage the first service bureau, holding various senior posts with that company and its South African counterpart for eleven years. Because of the trade sanctions then in force, this was a particularly challenging period. In 1975, he moved to the Zimbabwe Banking Corporation, where he also spent eleven years, overseeing the development and operation of their computer systems throughout the country, eventually serving as a General Manager. From there, he joined the Central Africa Building Society in a similar role. In 1989, he formed his own information technology (IT) consultancy company, G. R. Fairall (Pvt.) Ltd., which currently has five full-time consultants specializing in electronic funds transfer and banking, but also assisting the medical and business sectors. The company was responsible for the recent establishment of an inter-bank automatic teller machine switch in Zimbabwe and has been commended by the International Monetary Fund for its work in managing the project to re-computerize the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe.

Mr. Fairall is a founding member, past-president, and Fellow of the Computer Society of Zimbabwe (CSZ) and is also a Member of the British Computer Society and the Computer Society of South Africa. Currently, he is the Secretary and general factotum of CSZ. He received the CSZ President's award in 1995. He has also written and presented numerous papers and articles.

He was introduced to IFIP in Dublin in 1986, where he attended the General Assembly (GA) as an observer. Since the admission of CSZ to IFIP, the following year, he has attended all but one of the GAs. In 1991, he organized the GA in Harare, Zimbabwe. He was elected an IFIP trustee at that time and reelected in 1994. He chaired the Developing Countries Support Committee from 1992 to 1995, served as cognizant officer for Technical Committees, and organised a TC6 meeting at Victoria Falls in 1987. In 1995, he was elected an IFIP vice-president and reelected in 1996. He is currently the Organizing Committee chair for the CCDC/AFRICOM'96 conference being hosted in Harare in October by CSZ, TC6, and the International Council for Computer Communications (ICCC).

Mr. Fairall has lived in Zimbabwe since his early school days. He and his wife, Connie, have three grown children, one of whom is in the IT industry. Visiting the wilder parts of Zimbabwe and observing the country's animal and bird population is his chief form of relaxation.


Personal wireless communications are gaining importance around the world. The deregulation of telecommunication enterprises as well as the increasing need for multi-service telecommunications in areas with insufficient infrastructure have precipitated the demand for standardized technology to enhance connectivity and competition through wireless local loops (connections between subscriber and telephone company). Wireless data communication is also vital for mobile computing. Systems based on existing standards are designed to interoperate with certain high-capacity services or with cellular mobile systems and can provide a variety of communication services in a flexible and economical way.

In order to promote the evolution of wireless local access internationally, the IFIP Task Group on Wireless Communications of the Technical Committee on Communication Systems (TC6) is sponsoring the second international workshop on Personal Wireless Communications, to be held 10-12 December in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. The workshop will focus on technical aspects of various applications in telecommunication networks, such as residential cordless telephony, cordless PBXs, public access telepoints, and the wireless local loop. Original papers on the following topics will be presented:

For further information, please contact

Prof. Dr. Oswald Drobnik 
Fachbereich Informatik (Telematik) 
Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat 
D-60054 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 
tel: +49 69 798 28362, fax: +49 69 798 23340 
e-Mail: pwc96@tm.informatik.uni-frankfurt.de 
WWW: http://www.tm.informatik.uni-frankfurt.de/pwc96/ 


Within the last five to ten years, information technology (IT) has entered all important areas in society, from food production to waging war. Our mere being and survival as social and biological beings as well as civilizations depend strongly on well functioning, safe, and secure IT. We must learn how to develop, operate, and manage IT structures so that individuals, companies, and societies can continue to live in a changing but reliable, safe, and secure world. In order to address these issues, the IFIP Technical Committee on Security and Protection in Information Processing Systems (TC11) is organizing the 13th International Conference on Information Security, IFIP/SEC'97. This conference, entitled IT Security in Research and Business -- Maturing Towards the Future, will be held 14-16 May 1997 in Copenhagen, Denmark. It will comprise invited lectures, refereed papers, student research papers, panel discussions, and workshops.

The conference general chair is Mr. Jan Carlsen (DK), and Prof. Louise Yngstrom (S) is chair of the International Program Committee. For further information, please contact

International Conference Services A/S 
P.O. Box 41 
Strandvejen 171 
DK-2900 Hellerup, Copenhagen, Denmark 
tel: +45 39 46 05 00, fax: +45 39 46 05 15 
e-mail: ifip97@ics.dk 
Danish Data Association 
tel: +45 33 11 15 60, fax: +45 33 93 15 80 
e-mail: ddf@sek.ddf.dk 
WWW: http://www.datasik.dk/SEC97/index.html 


The Fifth International Symposium on Integrated Network Management, IM '97, will be held 12-16 May 1997 in San Diego, CA, U.S.A. The symposium is sponsored by the IFIP Working Group on Network Management for Communication Networks (WG6.6) and by the U.S. IEEE Communications Society Technical Committee on Network Operations and Management (CNOM).

Since 1989, IM has provided a central technical exchange forum for the many communities interested in network management. With the global information infrastructure growing at an exponential rate, IM '97 promises to build on the successes of previous symposia and provide a unique opportunity for exploring integrated management solutions with a diverse international community.

The theme, Integrated Management in a Virtual World, challenges participants to contribute real and virtual management solutions in a world filled with virtual corporations, virtual LANs (local area networks), inter-enterprise inter-networking, real and virtual service management, outsourcing, and electronic commerce. The speakers are expected to bring the buzz words down to earth and present world-class solutions to the integrated management puzzle.

In addition to over 55 technical papers, the symposium will include 3 keynotes, 6 panels, 16 tutorials, birds-of-a-feather sessions, and vendor demonstrations. The chair of the Organizing Committee is Dan Stokesberry (USA), and the program co-chairs are Aurel A. Lazar (USA) and Roberto Saracco (I). For further information, please contact

Anne-Marie Lambert 
tel: +1 617 873 3819, fax: +1 617 873 3776 
e-mail: isinm97@bbn.com


How can we cope with the sustainability of society if we are unable to understand and anticipate its cultural, social, political, economic, and technological developments? What happens to jobs and work-related skills when we face the rapid integration of information and communication technology unaccompanied by vocational retraining? What is the value of technological developments that do not meet the human needs of society? Are there not threats to civil rights from particular technologies and especially from the integration of what were formerly separate technologies?

These are the questions and anxieties that may arise when we reflect on the trends emerging from uncertain and complex developments of today's technology.

In order to further explore these issues, the IFIP Working Group on Social Accountability (WG9.2), with the support of WG9.5 (Social Implications of Digital Media and Virtual Worlds), is organizing a working conference in Corfu, Greece, 8-10 May 1997. Corfu is the place where the European Council accepted the "Bangemann Report," its official statement on the future of the global information in 1994. Since that time, the preceding questions have emerged.

The Corfu Conference on Culture and Democracy Revisited in the Global Information Society will be a true working conference. Papers will present insights and will outline issues, from which participants will derive options, alternatives, solutions, and actions. The outcome of the Conference will be recommendations for decision makers, computer scientists and professionals, consumers' and users' associations, and others. These recommendations will be included by the editors in the Conference proceedings.

The chairman of the International Program Committee is Prof. Jacques Berleur (B), and Mr. Vassilios Laopodis (GR) is chair of the Organizing Committee.

To submit a paper, please contact Prof. Berleur: jberleur@info.fundp.ac.be

For further information, please contact

IFIP WG9.2 Working Conference Secretariat
Greek Computer Society 
Mavromihali 16 
GR-10680 Athens, Greece 
tel: +30-1-36.45.274, fax: +30-1-36.45.154 
e-mail: corfu@ru.aegean.gr


Driven by the increasing power, intelligence, reliability, and openness of computer, communication, and control technologies, a new generation of distributed systems is emerging, which will be able to support distributed business and control applications with extreme efficiency, reliability, and security. Such systems are expected to consist of mostly autonomous, decentralized, and geographically dispersed components interacting via communication networks.

After the successful first and second International Symposia on Autonomous Decentralized Systems (ISADS), held in 1993 in Japan and in 1995 in the U.S.A., the third ISADS will be held in Berlin, Germany, 9-11 April 1997. ISADS 97 is sponsored by the Computer Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (U.S.A.), the Information Processing Society of Japan, and the Society of Instrument and Control Engineers of Japan, in cooperation with IFIP's Technical Committee on Communication Systems (TC6) and others. It will focus primarily on advancements and innovations in autonomous decentralized systems (ADS) platforms and applications. Integration of telecommunication and computing into a uniform concept for providing an open distributed processing environment is a key issue.

Major topics will include

The general chair of the symposium is Prof. Radu Popescu-Zeletin (D), and the chair of the International Program Committee is Prof. Juergen Nehmer (D). For further information, please contact

Hardenbergplatz 2 
D-10623 Berlin, Germany 
tel: +49-30-25499-309/200, fax: +49-30-25499-202 
e-mail: isads97@fokus.gmd.de 
WWW: http://www.fokus.gmd.de/ws/isads97/


Conf. on Management and Control of Production and Logistics -- MCPL'97 
31 Aug - 3 Sep 97, Campinas, SP, Brazil 
papers due: 15 Jan 97 
contact: Mr. Roberto de Oliveira 
Fundacao Centro Tecnologico para Informatica 
CTI-Rodovia D. Pedro I (SP-65) km 143,6 
Caixa Postal 6162 
13081-970 Campinas, SP, Brazil 
tel: +55 19 240 10 11, fax: +55 19 240 20 29 
e-mail: MCPL97@ia.cti.br
IFIP WG9.5 Intl. Conf. on Virtual Worlds and Social Implications 
Aug 97, Santa Catarina, Brazil 
papers due: 15 Feb 97 
contact: Guenther Cyranek 
Rodovia SC-401, 3730 Saco Grande 
88032-000 Florianopolis-Santa Catarina, Brazil 
tel & fax: +55 -48-238 51 77 
e-mail: cyranek@ctai.rct-sc.br
Ninth IFIP TC10 Intl. Conf. VLSI'97 
26-29 Aug 97, Gramado, Brazil 
papers due: 20 Feb 97 
contact: Luc Claesen/VLSI'97 
IMEC/Katholieke Universiteit Leuven 
Kapeldreef 79 
B-3001 Leuven, Belgium 
tel: +32-16-281203, fax: +32-16-281501 
e-mail: Claesen@imec.be
IFIP WG6.3/WG7.3 Intl. Conf. on Performance and Management 
of Complex Communication Networks 
17-21 Nov 97, Tsukuba, Japan 
papers due: 28 Feb 97 
contact: Prof. Yutaka Takahashi 
Graduate School of Information Science 
Nara Institute of Science and Technology 
8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma 
Nara 630-01, Japan 
tel: +81-7437-2-5350, fax: +81-7437-2-5359 
15th IFIP World Computer Congress 
31 Aug - 4 Sep 98, Vienna, Austria, and Budapest, Hungary 
papers due: 16 Jan 98 
contact: http://www.ocg.or.at/ifip98

Will event organizers please send calls for papers to both the IFIP Secretariat and the Newsletter editor. Note that calls cannot be listed in this column until the events have been approved by IFIP.


Council  2-6 Mar 97 (Sun.-Thurs.)      Bratislava, Slovakia 
GA     31 Aug - 4 Sep 97 (Sun.-Thurs.) Gramado (Porto Alegre), Brazil 
Council  1-5 Mar 98 (Sun.-Thurs.)      Manchester, U.K. 
GA       5-8 Sep 98 (Sat.-Tues.)       Budapest, Hungary 
GA (contiguous to IFIP Congress '00) Beijing, China
WG1.3              Jun 97      Rome, Italy 
TC2          30-31 May 97 Konstanz, Germany 
WG2.1        17-22 Feb 97 Bischenberg, Alsace, France 
WG2.2                  97 Graz, Austria 
WG2.3        27-30 Jan 97 Napa Valley, CA, U.S.A. 
             22-26 Sep 97 Alsace, France 
WG2.4        22-26 Sep 97 Estes Park, CO, U.S.A. 
                   Jun 98 Berlin, Germany 
WG2.5              Oct 97 New Mexico, U.S.A. 
WG2.6        28-30 May 97 Konstanz, Germany 
              7-10 Oct 97 Leysin, Switzerland 
                   May 98 L' Aquila, Italy 
             15-18 Dec 98 New Zealand 
WG2.7/WG13.4 19-21 Mar 97 Atlanta, GA, U.S.A. 
WG2.8        23-27 Sep 97 New Paltz, NY, U.S.A. 
WG2.9              May 97 Haifa, Israel 
                   Jan 98 West Indies 
                   Jan 99 Dublin, Ireland 
TC3          23-24 Aug 97 Harare, Zimbabwe 
                   Sep 98 Vienna, Austria 
                       99 Copenhagen, Denmark 
TC5              8 Nov 97 Detroit, MI, U.S.A. 
TC6            2-3 May 97 White Plains, NY, U.S.A. 
               3-4 Apr 98 Stuttgart, Germany 
TC7             22 Jul 97 Detroit, MI, U.S.A. 
                   Jul 99 Cambridge, U.K. 
WG7.3              Jun 97 Seattle, WA, U.S.A. 
WG7.4              Jul 97 Detroit, MI, U.S.A. 
TC8          27-29 Jun 97 Ambleside, U.K. 
WG8.1          5-7 Nov 97 (with QSSE) India 
             15-17 Jul 98 Beijing, China 
WG8.2              Jun 97 Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A. 
                   Dec 97 (with ICIS) Atlanta, GA, U.S.A. 
                   Dec 98 Helsinki, Finland 
                   Jun 99 St. Louis, MO, U.S.A. 
WG8.4              Oct 97 Perth, Australia, Tucson, AZ, U.S.A., 
                          and Delft, the Netherlands 
WG8.6              Jun 97 Ambleside, U.K. 
                   Dec 98 Helsinki, Finland 
WG8.7           11 Jan 97 Maui, HI, U.S.A. 
TC9          11-12 May 97 Corfu, Greece 
WG9.2        17-19 Jan 97 Namur, Belgium 
WG9.5                  97 Brazil 
TC10               Sep 97 Gramado, Brazil 
                   Sep 98 Vienna, Austria, or Budapest, Hungary 
                   Sep 99 Toulouse, France 
TC11               May 97 Copenhagen, Denmark 
                   Sep 98 Austria or Hungary 
TC13               Jul 97 Sydney, Australia 
WG13.4/WG2.7 19-21 Mar 97 Atlanta, GA, U.S.A. 


Executive Board 
K. Bauknecht      President  CH   95-98 
H.L. Funk         Vice-Pres. USA  94-97 
A.W. Goldsworthy  Vice-Pres. AUS  95-98 
W. Brauer         Vice-Pres. D    95-98 
G.R. Fairall      Vice-Pres. ZW   96-99 
G.J. Morris       Secretary  GB   96-99 
D. Khakhar        Treasurer  S    96-99
W. Grafendorfer    A     95-98 
P. Glenn           CDN   94-97 
M. Gottlieb        IL    95-98 
R. Johnson         GB    95-98 
C. Guy             ZA    95-97 
R. Reis            BR    96-99 
X. Yan             PRC   96-99 
J. Granado         P     96-97


TC1:  J. Gruska            SK 89-96 
TC2:  R. Kurki-Suonio      SF 95-97 
TC3:  P. Bollerslev        DK 91-96 
TC5:  G. Doumeingts         F 96-99 
TC6:  O. Spaniol            D 92-97 
TC7:  P. Kall              CH 95-98 
TC8:  B. Glasson          AUS 96-98 
TC9:  P. Jaervinen         SF 96-98 
TC10: E. Hoerbst            A 93-96 
TC11: B. von Solms         ZA 94-98
TC12: L. Carlucci-Aiello    I 96-98 
TC13: J. Hammond          AUS 95-98 

National Abbreviations Used in Newsletter

A                     Austria 
AUS                   Australia 
B                     Belgium 
BG                    Bulgaria 
BR                    Brazil 
CDN                   Canada 
CH                    Switzerland 
D                     Germany 
DK                    Denmark 
E                     Spain 
F                     France 
GB or UK              United Kingdom 
GR                    Greece 
H                     Hungary 
I                     Italy 
IL                    Israel 
IND                   India 
J                     Japan 
N                     Norway 
NL                    The Netherlands 
P                     Portugal 
PRC                   China 
ROK                   Republic of Korea 
S                     Sweden 
SF or FIN             Finland 
SK                    Slovakia 
USA                   U.S.A. 
ZA                    South Africa 
ZW                    Zimbabwe